rose, roseRose (plants of the family Rosaceae) love sunny places in the garden, protected from cold winds and well-drained. Roses should not be planted in low places, because there is a lot of cold air.
The soils on which the roses are planted must be very well drained, because they do not like water retention, if these requirements are met, the desired beautiful colors will be obtained (as in the photos taken by Swami Stream and Lincolnian (Brian)) .
For growing roses and landscaping the yards of houses with roses, the most favorable are deeply cultivated, draining, slightly clayey, rich in humus and slightly acidic reaction soils. In places where the soil is heavily clayey, drainage is made and sand, rotten manure, compost and peat are added. Soils that are light and sandy can be improved by applying garden soil, compost and well-rotted manure.
The planting of roses requires prior preparation of the soil, which is done in the fall, and the planting of the roses themselves takes place in the spring. In the southern and warmer regions, roses can be planted in the fall, and it is good to have an eastern exposure, and for cooler places with a southern exposure.
Roses have a deep root system and depending on what summer is, watering can be done every 2-3 days. Depending on the type of rose, different amounts of water are needed. Shrub roses need 5 liters of water per watering, and climbing roses need 15 liters of watering. Watering is done in a well-formed well around the plant. Roses often suffer from aphids, which is not very favorable for them, to prevent the attack of aphids between plants are planted garlic, which with its phytoncide activity repels lice and has a beneficial effect on roses.
When planting polyanthus, tea hybrid and floribunda roses, the distance between them should be not less than 25-35 cm, and between the rows 60-70 cm. For park and climbing roses 45-50 cm and 80-100 cm are needed, and for miniature roses 15-20 cm and 40-50 cm. To make the roses look good and bloom profusely, the soil around them is constantly loosened and the weeds are removed.
When growing roses, one of the most important activities is pruning. It consists of thinning and shortening the stems. By pruning the bush is kept constantly young, balances the growth and flowering of the bush and improves its decorative appearance. Initially, the old and diseased stems are cut, after which the rest are shortened. There are three types of pruning for roses, long, medium and short. In the long one, not much is cut, but a large part of last year’s stems is left, in the middle one a large part of the stem is removed, leaving 4-6 buds, and in the short one 2-3 buds are left at the base. There is also spring, summer and autumn pruning.
rose (rosa red) The most basic is spring pruning. It takes into account the biological characteristics of different varieties and species. In fast-growing winding roses, the stems are preserved with almost their entire length, being only slightly shortened. In the case of ancient park roses, only sanitary pruning is done, removing the diseased stems.
In other species, pruning depends on the growth of the bushes themselves. With the summer pruning, the flowering is regulated, removing only the overblown flowers. Pruning in the fall is necessary to prepare the bush for the winter months by removing diseased and withered stems and shortening the rest.
Roses are mainly propagated vegetatively, and one of the most popular ways is through cuttings, grafts and division of old plants. Only botanical species reproduce through rose seeds. Roses are used for interesting landscaping of various sites.