Nutrition is extremely important when starting garden and yard landscaping, especially for the normal development of your garden flower seeds, ornamental trees and shrubs, your indoor plants and crops. Regardless of the geographical location, whether you are in Bulgaria or the United States, there are no plants that do not need nutrients in one amount or another. To do this, you need to maintain the humus content of the soil in the garden at a good level.
Feeding is necessary and is carried out throughout the growing season (period of active vegetation development usually from early spring to late autumn, different types of plants are different, examples of spring fertilization in the photos taken by mariecarianna, noii’s and … jc …, the very period of active vegetation is characterized by the formation of new twigs and leaves, active growth of roots and aboveground part in general), because the main and pre-sowing fertilization can not fully meet the needs of plants for nutrients to develop optimally. It is especially important when growing garden flower seeds. градински ограничител за трева
In the case of ornamental vegetation, which is used in the field of landscaping and landscaping, the selected forms and species that require fertile soils need regular nourishment (these are genetically derived plants that have different requirements from the original, normal species and are usually much more demanding). Feeding is also done in cases when the soil is not fertile enough or is permeable, which means that when watering the nutrients are easily removed from the soil (usually these are more sandy soils).
Scattering manure should not be fed rock and rockery flowers, but it is better to change the soil around them, because most of them are quite capricious to the acidity of the soil. Feeding well-developed plants is not recommended, because it will enhance their growth and may weaken their flowering, but if the soil is infertile it is necessary to nourish, but you must be aware in advance of the specific requirements of a particular species to the nutritional value of the soil.
Both mineral and organic fertilizers in liquid or dry state are used for the feeding. You need to start feeding the plants after they have taken root and is the beginning of their vegetative growth and the development of vegetative organs (usually this is the period from late March to June). Then mainly nitrogen fertilizer is used (ammonium nitrate or others, because nitrogen stimulates the development of the leaf mass of plants). In the period when buds are formed, it is necessary to make full nutrition with the necessary nutrients for plants (the most necessary for optimal development of all plants are nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium), with phosphorus and potassium predominating (phosphorus and potassium fertilizers).
Manure, near the flower bedIn the second half of summer perennials are fed mainly with phosphorus and potassium fertilizers, because they accelerate fruit ripening and increase the cold resistance of vegetation. The last feeding during the growing season is done no later than the first half of August, when usually the ornamental trees and shrubs begin to accumulate nutrients with which to survive the winter and bloom again in the spring.
The norms or portions that need to be done for fertilization depend on the requirements of the respective plant species, on the phase of growth in which it is located, as well as on the properties of the soil (water holding capacity mainly because when soils do not retain water , that is, they are permeable, together with the water that drains from them, the nutrients imported by fertilization also drain) and its supply with nutrients. Therefore, it is very important to know the vegetation you grow, you need to be aware of what part of the month it needs nourishment, you need to know how much moisture it requires, you need to know the climate of the place, the temperature of the place and the dates. of early autumn and late spring frosts. It is good to make sure before feeding that your plant really needs it, because excessive fertilization can seriously damage or even kill your plant.