Use in green construction of Greek fir (Abies cephalonica) 37

This species does not reach great height, grows in the range of 25 – 30m.

The crown of the Greek fir is dense and conical, sometimes starting from the base of the stem (the general habit of the plant can be seen in the photo taken by the weisserstier).

In their initial development, the twigs are bare, shiny, and the buds on the twigs are very strongly tarred. The leaves are flat and about 2-3 cm long (as is clear from the photo taken by alexlomas), but they are hard and pointed at the top.

On the upper side the leaves of the Greek fir are shiny and dark green, and on the lower side they are light with two whitish stripes. In younger individuals, the leaves are located on the side and top of the branch, while in older individuals they are oriented radially around the branch and age in all directions.

Greek fir can be found in an online garden center or in the many ornamental nurseries in Sofia and Bulgaria, where it is grown in pots or in the ground, and must be edged with edging tape for grass.

Greek fir (Abies cephalonica кантираща лента) The male organs (fringes) are reddish in color and the young cones (female generative organs) are greenish. When the cones of the Greek fir ripen, they reach a length of 12 – 20 cm.

They are cylindrical in shape and highly resinous. As they mature, as with all firs, the cones fall apart. Shortly before decay is the best time to collect seeds of any type of fir.

The seed coat of the cones has a triangular shape, and the roofs protrude and are curled at the back of the tip.

The Greek fir is widespread in the mountains of Greece, in southern Macedonia, and in the north it can be found as far as Lake Ohrid. In height it can reach from 800 to 1700 m above sea level.

In the lower parts of the Greek fir can be found in coexistence with black pine, chestnut and maple, and from the bushes with hawthorn and others. In the higher parts it coexists with the common beech. If we compare the Greek fir with the ordinary one, it turns out that the Greek one is more heat-loving and more drought-resistant.

Greek fir (Abies cephalonica) It grows on calcareous soils. Not a very cold-resistant species suffers from colds in late spring. Does not like and does not tolerate shady places.

This type of fir is suitable for growing in areas with drier soils. It can be used for single and group plantings in park and forest park environment. Fir is a plant suitable for landscaping.

It is a valuable species because of its beautiful and dense crown and because of its small and demanding soil conditions. Has high resistance to air pollution.

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