Cucumbers are a crop that is very demanding of light. They are extremely heat-loving plants. For cultivation and germination of cucumber seeds need a temperature of not less than 13-15 degrees. And the optimum temperature for the growth and development of cucumbers is in the range of 25-27 degrees. When the temperature is below 15 degrees, the growth of cucumbers stops, and in the case of female flowers, dripping occurs.
At low temperatures (cold weather) in the spring below 10 degrees, there are serious disturbances in the development of plants. At temperatures below zero, the plants die.
At very high temperatures, disturbances in plant growth are also observed. Cucumbers are not very demanding of sunlight. In the low sun, they grow well, but production decreases. It is very important that cucumbers require more light during their fruiting. The other important condition is the cultivation of cucumbers is that they are very demanding to soil conditions, soil and air humidity.
The optimal requirements for soil moisture for their normal development and growth are about 85% -95% of the maximum field water capacity, and the optimal air humidity should be in the range of 90%. Maintaining high humidity in cucumbers is necessary due to their weak and shallow root system, due to their rapid growth, and large leaf mass.
The most demanding to maintain optimal air and soil humidity is the period of fruiting cucumbers. In terms of soil, the best results in growing cucumbers are observed in deep, warm fertile soil with a neutral or slightly acidic reaction and rich in organic matter. Cucumbers have more specific requirements for fertilizers and their supply.
They do not tolerate large doses of mineral fertilizers, especially if grown on sandy soils. This feature requires mineral fertilizers to be imported in smaller quantities and more often in the soil. A very good effect on the growth and development of cucumbers is the influence of manure, because it not only improves the physical properties of the soil but also releases nutrients for a longer time.
It releases carbon dioxide, which is very useful for cucumber plants. In the field of landscaping and landscape architecture, the use of cucumbers as a crop is associated with the design of the rights of farming areas in private yards, gardens, which is very relevant at the moment.
The construction of these economic corners is associated with great professionalism, because it must be situated in the yard or garden so that it is not conspicuous, easily accessible, and hidden by other vegetation and in a more remote corner of the yard (garden). For the maintenance of the economic corner and the cultivation of cuttings in it, it is necessary to have constant care by specialists in the field of landscaping or to know all the requirements of the plants grown in it.