El mango It is a fruit tree native to India whose fruits are so delicious that today we can enjoy them even though we are on the other side of the pond. It is a plant that provides very good shade and does not require special care.
Its growth rate is so fast that it is very necessary to know what dimensions it will have if we want to plant a mango as this will avoid possible problems such as loss of plants. Follow our advice to plant a sample in your garden.
1 When to plant mangoes?
2 How is it planted?
When to plant mangoes?
Mango ограничител за трева доставка
The ideal planting time is in spring before it resumes its growth. In any case, it is important to know that this is a tree that does not withstand frost, so its cultivation outdoors is recommended only in warm climates with temperatures ranging between 35-38 ° C maximum and 10 ° C minimum.
After all, we only need to water it two to three times a week and fertilize it with organic fertilizer so that it produces a large amount of delicious fruits.
How is it planted?
Mango is a plant that grows up to 30 meters in height with a 6 meter crown. Thus, if we want more, it is best to leave a space between plants of 7-8 meters. This way, all specimens will grow without disturbing each other. To plant them, just follow this step by step:
The first thing to do is the planting hole, which is recommended to measure 1m x 1m, although it may be smaller if the soil has good drainage.
The soil is then mixed with 30% perlite and 10% organic compost.
Once done, the hole is filled with the mixture enough for the wood to be more or less level with the ground.
Then the tree is planted and it is ready to fill.
Finally, a tree is made so that the water remains on the plant and it is watered.
If we live in an area where the wind blows regularly, it is highly advisable to put a guard on it so that it can grow straight.
Do you have mangoes in your garden?
Mango, which is commonly referred to as Mangifera indica, is actually the fruit of a whole genus of citrus trees. This yellow or orange fruit is very popular for its slightly acidic taste, and originates from India and Burma.
Many of the species that are currently consumed have been obtained by grafting or cultivating, and it is used in a large number of dishes in gastronomy such as India. If you want to learn how to grow your own mangoes at home to be able to enjoy its fruits first-hand in an ecological and economic way, keep reading us in this Green Ecology article in which we explain how and when to germinate and plant a mango.
You may also be interested in: Germinating peach seeds: how to do it and care
How to germinate a mango
When to plant a mango
How to plant a mango step by step
Mango care – a basic guide
How to germinate a mango
Before being able to plant the mango seed, it will be necessary to make it germinate. To do this, the first step is to extract the seed from the fruit, which is protected in a shell or bone. It is important that you use a mango seed that you have just consumed, since it loses its germination capacity very quickly. Follow these steps to germinate a mango seed:
Very carefully, strain the tip of a knife through the wide end of the shell, and make small movements up and down to give it play and open it. It is very important that you take all possible care not to damage the seed inside.
Once you’ve opened the shell, scoop out the seed and prepare a napkin or several pieces of absorbent kitchen paper to wrap it in.
Place the seed wrapped in the absorbent paper in a container of its approximate size, and moisten the paper with water until it does not absorb more. Once you’re done, remove the excess water.
Now that the paper provides the seed with the darkness and moisture it needs, place the container somewhere in the house with a warm temperature. Remember that mango is a tropical plant and requires a warm environment.
Moisten the paper again each time it dries, but always trying to avoid a puddle of excess water. In about ten days or two weeks, your mango seed should have already given a first root a few centimeters long. When the root is over about half the length of the seed, it is ready for you to plant.
In this other post on Green Ecoology we tell you how to create a germinator.
Germinating and planting a mango: how and when to do it – How to germinate a mango
When to plant a mango
Now that you have the germinated mango seed, you will have to plant the mango in a pot. Later, when it has grown properly, you can transplant it to its final location.
Since it is a fruit tree with a tropical climate, the best time to plant it is in the warm months, avoiding the cold of winter in the first months of the tree’s life. A good time is, therefore, around March.
How to plant a mango step by step
This is the step by step to plant a mango at home easily:
Prepare a pot about 30 cm deep with a mixture of generic substrate and a fifth or fourth of worm castings. This will provide the seed with the necessary nutrients for those first delicate weeks.
Using a pencil or stick, poke a hole in the center of the pot about the length of the root of the handle.
Being very careful not to damage or split the root, try to place the seed in the pot so that the root is inserted through the hole created for it.
Cover the root completely with soil. It is not necessary for the seed to be covered, but the root must be protected. Moisten the substrate with water, avoiding as always puddles but providing enough moisture.
Place the pot in a place in the house where it receives direct sunlight, although if you live in a very hot climate, try to remove it in the hours of greatest incidence. You can leave the napkin on the seed in the first days or weeks, until you see the first sprout grow. In just a few weeks, your little tree will grow at full speed if all goes well.
Mango care – a basic guide
Mango is not a very demanding plant, and if you provide it with a suitable substrate and keep it moist, you should not have problems in its growth. Anyway, these are the basics on how to care for a mango tree properly so that it grows well and bears fruit:
Even if you have to keep your soil moist, never puddle or flood the pot, and if it has a dish underneath, always remove the excess drainage water after watering it.
If you have homemade organic compost, you can add it in moderation once a month.
Place the plant in an area that receives a lot of direct sunlight, unless your area is particularly strong.
When the tree has grown too big for your mac eta, feel free to transplant it. Keep in mind that these trees can reach 12 meters in height, so choose a place large enough for it if you place it outdoors.
So that you know what you need to do about pruning a mango tree, we recommend this other post on How and when to prune fruit trees.
Germinating and planting a mango: how and when to do it – Mango care – basic guide
If you want to read more articles similar to Germinating and planting a mango: how and when to do it, we recommend that you enter our category of Growing and caring for plants.
Mango is an exotic fruit, deriving from the homonymous tropical plant (Mangifera indica) native to India, which can also be tried to grow in Italy, at least in the warmer regions, a bit like it happens in the case of avocado, which it can be grown in pots starting from the seed contained inside the fruit. For example, the cultivation of mango trees already takes place in Sicily.
The hottest seasons, spring and summer, are the most suitable for sowing. The mango tree that will emerge will have to be sheltered from the cold during the winter, by withdrawing it indoors, as is the case with lemon trees.
To proceed with the cultivation of mango in pots you will need:
. 1 mango
– 1 transparent waterproof bag
– 1 vase
– Paper towels
grow mango 1
1) Keep the core
The seed to be planted will be extracted from the mango fruit. So, in case you have the opportunity to taste a mango fruit, remember to keep its stone aside. At this point you will have to proceed by cleaning the core of all its pulp and rinsing it under the tap to complete its cleaning, removing any remnants.
2) Extract the mango seed from the pit
Now you will have to try to open the outer part of the kernel so that you can extract the real seed from it to use. The operation may require several attempts and a little strength. Gradually you should be able to obtain a crack that will allow you to open the outer shell and extract the seed located inside it. The size of the seed can vary depending on the size of the fruit.
grow mango 2
3) Germination of the mango seed
You will therefore have reached the stage where it is necessary to take care of the germination of the seed. Once your seed has been removed from the shell, moisten a paper towel, place the seed on one half of it and wrap it with the rest of the napkin. At this point it is necessary to place the seed wrapped in the damp napkin in a waterproof and transparent bag. For example, you could use one of those bags suitable for food, suitable for storing them in the freezer. In each bag it is possible to insert one or two seeds. You will therefore have to inflate and close the bag, and then place it next to a window, in a well-lit area.
grow mango 3
grow mango 4
4) Plant the mango seed
Before you can plant the seed in a pot with soil, it needs to germinate. It may take a couple of weeks to do this. The plastic bag will need to be opened and the napkin removed from the mango seed. If mold has formed, the seed will need to be thrown away. If the seed is in good condition, transfer it to a pot full of soil, enriched with homemade compost, taking care not to damage the shoots and roots. Water often and place the pot in full sun. To obtain fruit, it is recommended to carry out a grafting. In case of doubts in this regard, it is good to contact a specialized nursery. However, from the simple growth of the seedling from the seed you will get a great satisfaction.
Mango is a very delicious tropical fruit, I also like to eat it, but it is a bit expensive. Today, I told flower friends about the mango planting skills. When you usually eat mangoes, there will be a large core. Don’t lose this core in the future. It’s a pity that you will miss a potted mango directly.
For the flower lovers who are obsessed with growing flowers, and for the fruits that have been eaten, they want to get the seeds out and save them for sowing. Don’t lose the core of the uneaten mango. There are mango seeds inside. Take the seeds out and plant them, or maybe you will plant a potted mango.
So let’s introduce the mango seed planting process.
Mango seed planting method
1. Planting time
The timing of mango seeds is suitable in spring from March to April. It is now in March. It is a good time to plant mangoes. Don’t miss it.
2. Planting preparation
Prepare ripe mangoes, scissors, utility knife, pots, water, flower pots, soil and other materials, and prepare them in advance.
Mango planting method
3. Get the core
When flower friends usually buy mangoes, they try their best to choose mature mangoes, take them home and wash them, cut the mangoes, and separate the pulp from the core. The mango pulp can be racked directly. After the core is taken out, wash it with clean water.
4. Take out the seeds
In fact, many flower lovers think that the core is the seed. In fact, the mango seed is in the core. Cut the mango core directly with scissors, and then use a utility knife to cut along the edge of the core. In the process of dicing, Don’t hurt yourself and the seeds.
After the core is cut, the seeds can be taken out directly. Do you see the mango seeds? It’s a little different from what you imagined, ha ha.
5. Seed soaking
After the mango seeds are taken out, the skin on the surface of the seeds can be peeled off, that is, the coffee-colored skin. Be careful not to damage the seeds during the peeling process.
After the skin of the seeds is peeled off, the seeds are directly soaked in water. Remember to change the water every day and clean up the impurities from the soaking.
Mango planting method
6, soaking and sprouting
Soak the mango seeds in water for about 4 days, and the soaked seeds will begin to sprout. Wait for all the seeds to sprout, and then they can be planted. Forgot to mention earlier, you can prepare more mango seeds.
Mango seeds should not be soaked in water for too long, as the seeds will soak for a long time, usually about 1 week. Soak the seeds in water, the color will gradually turn yellow-green. Don’t worry if you see this phenomenon, it is normal.
7. Pot soil preparation
The soil for growing mangoes at home can be sandy loam, garden soil and sandy soil can be mixed, flower pots can be made of earthenware pots, flower pots should not be too small, you can choose a deeper flower pot.
After the soil is prepared, put it in the flowerpot, and now dot some particles at the bottom of the flowerpot, and then put the soil in the flowerpot, then shake the flowerpot to make the soil surface level, and then spray the soil surface with a spray can.
Mango planting method
8. Planting process
First use a wooden stick to dig a hole in the pot soil, the size of the hole is suitable for the mango seeds. Then take the germinated seeds, and place the sprout end of the seed up and the root down, and bury it in the hole.
Cover the upper part of the seed with some fine soil so that the seed part is exposed outside the soil surface. Then sprinkle water with a watering can to completely soak the soil and seeds. After all the seeds are planted in the above way,
Respectively transfer the flower pots to a ventilated place with astigmatism, and spray water every 1-2 days.
In about 4 days, the sprouts of the seeds begin to grow and grow up quickly. After 10 days, the stems can grow about 10 cm, and the leaves are emerald green, and the seeds will turn green.
This shows that the mango seed planting has survived, and then there is sufficient nutrients, waiting for the mango plant to grow up day by day.
As mentioned earlier, mango is a tropical fruit, suitable for growing in the south. If it is planted in the north, seedlings will emerge, but the results may not necessarily be or the results are very small, so planting with mango seeds is for potted planting, haha.
Do you love exotic plants and do you like to experiment? Then pull a little mango tree out of a mango seed! We’ll show you how this can be done very easily here.
Credit: MSG / Camera + Editing: Marc Wilhelm / Sound: Annika Gnädig
Similar to an avocado kernel, a mango kernel is relatively easy to plant in a pot and grow into a pretty little tree. In the tub, the planted kernel of the mango (Mangifera indica) grows into an exotic mango tree in lush green or elegant purple. Although mango trees you have grown yourself do not bear any exotic fruits, as the temperatures in our latitudes are too low for that, the self-planted mango tree is a great highlight for every living room. This is how you grow your own mango tree.
Planting mango kernels: the essentials in brief
Choose a very ripe organic mango from the fruit trade or seeds from specialist shops. Cut the pulp from the stone and let it dry a little. The seeds are then exposed with a sharp knife. To stimulate it to germinate, it is either dried or soaked. The mango kernel with root and seedling is placed about 20 centimeters deep in a pot with a mixture of soil and sand and compost. Keep the substrate evenly moist.
Which mango is suitable for planting?
Most edible mangoes from the supermarket cannot be used for self-cultivation as they have often been treated with anti-germ agents. The mangoes are also harvested and cooled very early because of the long transport routes, which is not particularly good for the seeds inside. If you still want to try to plant the kernel from a mango, you can look for a suitable fruit in the fruit trade or use an organic mango. But be careful: In their tropical home, mango trees with a height of up to 45 meters and a crown diameter of 30 meters are real giants! Of course, the trees are not that big in our latitudes, but it is still advisable to buy suitable seeds from specialist shops. For planting in pots, for example, we recommend seeds of the American ‘Cogshall’ variety, because they are only just over two meters tall. Different dwarf mango species can also be planted well in the tub.
iStock / grauy
Mango trees are native to India and Southeast Asia. There they reach stately sizes
How do you prepare the mango stone?
Cut the flesh of a very ripe mango and expose the large, flat stone pod. Let it dry a little so that it is no longer so slippery and you can pick it up easily. If you can now hold on to the core, carefully pry it open from the tip over the long side with a sharp knife. Attention risk of injury! A kernel appears that looks something like a large, flattened bean. This is the actual mango seed. It should look fresh and whitish-green or brown. If it is gray and shriveled, the core can no longer germinate. Tip: Wear gloves when working with the mango, because the mango peel contains substances that irritate the skin.
iStock / RahulDsilva
A mango seedling will sprout from the flat core after a few weeks
How do you stimulate the mango kernel to germinate?
One way to stimulate the kernel to germinate is to dry it out. To do this, the mango kernel is dried thoroughly with a paper towel and then placed in a very warm, sunny place. After about three weeks, it should be possible to push the core open a little. Be careful not to break the core! When open, the mango kernel is allowed to dry for another week until it can be planted.
With the wet method, the mango kernel is slightly injured at first, that is, it is carefully scratched with a knife or gently rubbed with sandpaper. This so-called „scarification“ ensures that the seed germinates quickly. After that, the mango kernel is placed in a container with water for 24 hours. The core can be removed the next day. Then you wrap it in damp paper towels or a wet kitchen towel and put the whole thing in a freezer bag. After one to two weeks of storage in a warm place, the mango kernel should have developed a root and a sprout. It is now ready to be planted.
Planting mango kernels: this is how it works
Conventional potted plant soil is suitable as potting soil. Fill a not too small plant pot with a mixture of soil and sand and some ripe compost. Place the core with the roots down and the seedling up about 20 centimeters deep in the planter. The core is covered with earth, the seedling should protrude a little from the top. Finally, the planted mango kernel is poured on thoroughly. Keep the substrate evenly moist over the next few weeks. After about four to seven After a few weeks there is no mango tree. If the young mango tree has well rooted the nursery pot, it can be moved to a larger pot.
Young mango plant
iStock / amenic181
Sprouting a mango kernel is not easy. But the result is worth it
After about two years of growth, the self-planted mini mango tree can already be seen. In summer you can put it in a sheltered, sunny spot on the terrace. But if the temperatures drop below 15 degrees Celsius, he has to go back into the house. Planting out the heat-loving exotic in the garden is not recommended. Not only because it cannot stand the winter temperatures, but also because the roots of the mango tree quickly dominate the entire bed and displace other plants.
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How to: Grow mango for your windowsill
By Lysanne Joan on Wednesday, August 29, 2018
Growing a mango: have you ever thought about it? You usually throw away the mango kernel after you cut the mango flesh. But you can also put the pit in the water. This way you will have a mango tree on your windowsill in no time. Do you also want to grow a mango? In this article I explain step by step how you grow a mango tree from a pit yourself.
Growing mango from pit
I never thought about growing a mango. Why? Well, you peel a mango for the sweet flesh, and hey presto, you throw away the pit. But after successfully growing 4 avocado plants, I wanted to try growing a plant from a mango seed. And it worked! There are now three beautiful mango trees shining on the windowsill. By the way, did you know that the mango belongs to the cashew nut family? Hence, a mango kernel looks like a mega cashew nut.
How did I grow a mango? With a lot of patience and love. And some help from the sun. I would like to share my tips with you so that you can grow a mango plant, mango tree or whatever you want to call it at home. Follow the steps below and you will succeed.
There are now three beautiful mango plants shining on the windowsill.
Essentials to grow a mango yourself
1 spreading knife;
1 glass (not too small and too wide);
Growing mango kernels
Remove the skin from the mango and cut the flesh into pieces. You can make this delicious vegan mango lassi with the pulp, for example.
You should have an oval-shaped, flat piece left over. This is the skin of the mango kernel. The pit is inside.
Find an opening in the peel on the side and insert your knife. Not too deep, otherwise you will damage the mango kernel.
Then break open the peel to get to the mango kernel. You throw away the peel, because you only need the pit.
Then insert four toothpicks into the mango pit so that the large lower body can stand in the water.
Then place the mango pit on the glass and fill the glass with water until the lower body of the pit is in the water. Only that part must be continuously in the water.
Finally, place the glass in a warm place where there is a lot of sun, such as on the windowsill.
Check every day if the mango body is in the water. Top up the water if necessary.
Also, give the mango kernel clean water every four days.
Now it’s time to be patient. It takes about two months for the mango kernel to crack and a root to grow out of the side.
Carrot from mango kernel
Does a carrot grow from the mango kernel? Congratulations! Then you have to put the mango pit horizontally in the water. On the other hand, the stem and the leaves will grow. To put the mango pit horizontally in the water, you need a wider glass. Otherwise, the mango kernel will not fit in the water. Repeat steps 7, 8 and 9 above until your mango pit is larger. Then you go plant it. How do you do that? You can read that below.